There are only 2,000 pandas left in life and they live on an area that is only one percent of their previous distribution. As if that were not enough, their main food, bamboo, could be completely extinct within 50 to 100 years if global warming continues.
The new study shows that efforts are now needed to save the giant panda. After thousands of years of hunting and destroying their habitats, only 2,000 individuals remain and are threatened by climate change.
Using the latest climate models, researchers have found that half of their current habitats may have disappeared by the year 2070, and their dull way of life makes it difficult for them to adapt to change. There are also great risks that the bamboo stock will completely die out within 50 to 100 years and since bamboo is 99 percent of the giant pandas diet, there is a high risk that the animals would starve.
Although climate change means that bamboo can grow in new areas, the giant pandas are bad at moving to new areas from their current wildlife reserves. They are bad at adapting to a changing world because they have to spend so much of their time just eating bamboo.
What needs to be done is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, ensure that there are contiguous areas with bamboo forests, protect areas that with a higher average temperature will soon become suitable for bamboo cultivations and start growing bamboo in those areas. Otherwise, the giant panda is likely to die out.